Before the start of the menstruation cycle, every woman goes through Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). One of the biggest challenges faced by women during PMS is mood swings. Mood swings have a severe impact on mental health. Apart from mood swings, bleeding, breast tenderness, period cramps, and bloating create an interruption in the working of daily life. The menstrual cycle is related to hormonal fluctuations. Many women face physical and emotional changes experienced several days before the menstrual cycle and even during the first few days of periods. During the menstruation cycle, hormonal fluctuation is normal, and it is not a sign of hormonal imbalance. In this article, we will see the link between menstrual cycle and mental health.
Hormonal Fluctuations during Menstrual Cycle:
When the menstrual cycle starts, the level of estrogen and progesterone level is low. The lower estrogen level causes fluctuations of Serotonin- a chemical released by the brain, which impacts mood states. Lack or low level of Serotonin may trigger premenstrual depression and may also lead to fatigue, food cravings, and sleep problems. After the end of the menstruation cycle, the level of estrogen starts to rise again as an egg is prepared to be released. The estrogen level reaches its height just before ovulation, and at the same time, the level of progesterone also rises. These fluctuations of hormones during the menstrual cycle have a severe impact on physical and mental health.
Menstrual Cycle and Mental Health:
Problems associated with Menstrual health have an impact on Mental Health. PMS symptoms such as tension, anxiety, depressed mood, irritability, anger, lack of concentration, and so on affect the mental health during the menstruation cycle. In addition, stress affects the menstruation cycle. Studies state that stress shortens the menstrual cycle. The average cycle is for 28 days, and anything less than 24 days is considered short. Excessive stress can also result in skipping periods.
From above, we can state that the menstruation cycle is intrinsically link to mental health. Therefore, one must keep track of mental health to draw the changes in the menstrual cycle. PMS symptoms can adversely affect mental health. One can naturally reduce the symptoms by practicing yoga and meditation. The outbreak of Covid-19 has triggered the stress level, and it is likely to impact the menstruation cycle. Therefore, if the problems related to the period increases, it is suggested to visit a doctor and start with proper medications.